Composés chimiques utilisés pour la fracturation

Alors que l'industrie parle de "régulateur de ph", et autres termes rassurants au sujet des produits chimiques utilisés pour la fracturation hydraulique, au Québec, la composition chimique de ces produits est gardée secrète. Cependant, voici une liste des composés chimiques utilisés en Pennsylvanie.

 

 

Chemicals Used by Hydraulic Fracturing Companies in Pennsylvania For Surface and Hydraulic Fracturing Activities

 

Prepared by the Department of Environmental Protection - Bureau of Oil and Gas Management

Compiled from Material Safety Data Sheets obtained from Industry – 30 juin 2010

 

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene                                      1,3,5 Trimethylbenzene                                       2,2-Dibromo-3-

Nitrilopropionamide                                             2.2-Dibromo-3-                                                      Nitrilopropionamide

2-butoxyethanol                                                   2-Ethylhexanol                                                      2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one

5-chloro-2-methyl-4-                                            isothiazotin-3-one                                                Acetic Acid

Acetic Anhydride                                                 Acie Pensurf                                                         Alchohol Ethoxylated

Alphatic Acid                                                        Alphatic Alcohol                                                  Polyglycol Ether

Aluminum Oxide                                                  Ammonia Bifluoride                                             Ammonia Bisulfite

Ammonium chloride                                            Ammonium Salt                                                   Ammonia Persulfate

Aromatic Hydrocarbon                                       Aromatic Ketones                                                Boric Acid

Boric Oxide                                                           Glycol Ethers (includes 2BE)                              Guar gum

Hemicellulase Enzyme                                         Hydrochloric Acid                                                Hydrotreated light distillate

Hydrotreated Light                                               Distilled                                                                Iron Oxide

Isopropanol                                                          Isopropyl Alcohol                                                Kerosine

Magnesium Nitrate                                               Mesh Sand (Crystalline                                       Silica)

Methanol                                                               Mineral Spirits                                                      Monoethanolamine

Naphthalene                                                         Nitrilotriacetamide                                               Oil Mist

Petroleum Distallate Blend                                 Petroleum Distillates                                           Petroleum Naphtha

Polyethoxylated Alkanol(1)                                 Polyethoxylated Alkanol (2)                                Polyethylene Glycol

Mixture                                                                   Butan-1-01 Polysaccharide                                 Citric Acid

Crystalline Silica: Cristobalite                            Crystalline Silica: Quartz                                    Dazomet

Diatomaceus Earth                                              Diesel (use discontinued)                                   Diethylbenzene

Doclecylbenzene Sulfonic                                  Acid                                                                       E B Butyl Cellosolve

Potassium Carbonate                                          Potassium Chloride                                             Potassium Hydroxide

Prop-2-yn-1-01                                                      Propan-2-01                                                          Propargyl Alcohol

Propylene                                                             Sodium Ash                                                          Sodium Bicarbonate

Ethane-1,2-diol Sodium                                      Chloride                                                                Ethoxlated Alcohol

Ethoxylated Alcohol                                            Ethoxylated Octylphenol                                    Ethylbenzene

Ethylene Glycol                                                   Ethylhexanol                                                         Ferrous Sulfate

Heptahydrate                                                        Formaldehyde                                                       Glutaraldehyde

Sodium Hydroxide                                               Sucrose                                                                Tetramethylammonium

Chloride                                                                Titaniaum Oxide                                                  Toluene

Xylene

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